How Do I Know What Hard Surface Floor I Will Be Cleaning? – Floor Identification Series – Part 1 of 7 parts



By Doyle Bloss     Chemical Brand Manager      HydraMaster/US Products

Due to the great variety of choices available in hard surface flooring today, it can sometimes be a challenge to determine the type of tile or stone or concrete you have been asked to clean. After all, many tile and stamped concrete designs are made to look just like natural stone. Sometimes they even fool the experts – until the testing is completed. However, it is possible to narrow your options to one of the major classifications of the types of floors. With experience you will be able to recognize specific materials. For the purpose of our discussion in this series, we are leaving out three major categories of hard surface floors you may be called upon to clean. The first are wood floors (laminate, engineered, or solid). Steps for cleaning, re-coating, and even re-surfacing wood floors require cleaning products and tools specific to wood floors. The second major category of hard surface floors we are omitting from this series are two different types of commonly encountered commercial tile floors – vinycl composition tile (vct) and resilient tile. Cleaning and re-waxing or re-coating those kind of commercial floors  are beyond the scope of this discussion. The third and final hard surface floor we are leaving out of this series is residential “sheet” linoleum. We are going to focus on the types of floors you can restoratively cleaning with your high performance extraction equipment – tile, stone, concrete, and hybrid (a mixture of concrete and stone).

Types of Floors – Major Classifications

  • Tile: Ceramic, Porcelain, Quarry and Saltillo (Terracota) Tile
  • Stone: Marble, Flagstone, Sandstone, Granite, Slate, Travertine, Serpentine
  • Concrete: Finished, Polished, and Stamped Concrete
  • Hybrid (Concrete and Marble chips): Terrazzo

In part 2 of the series, we will begin to investigate and learn about the various testing and evaluation procedures you can use to determine the procedures and solutions for the effective deep, restorative cleaning of these floors in a residential or commercial setting

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